Types of Ethernet Cables: Cat cable specs and ratings

The following tables shows the different types of ethernet cable used for Ethernet Cabling. You may have come across these as Cat 5, Cat 5e, Cat 6, Cat 6a, and Cat7, and wondered what is the difference and benefit of each. The basic differentiation between these ethernet cable types is first how far the data can be transmitted, and second the extent of shielding on the cable wires to reduce noise and crosstalk for data to transmit securely. The table below shows the differences.  

Table of Specs for Cat 5, Cat 5e, Cat 6, Cat 6a, and Cat7   

  Cat5 Cat5e Cat6 Cat6a Cat7
Connector RJ45 RJ45 RJ45 RJ45 RJ45
Speed Rating 100 mbps 1 gbps 10 gbps 10 gbps 10 gbps
Distance 100 meters 100 meters 55 meters 100 meters 100 meters
Bandwidth 100 mhz 100 mhz 250 mhz 500 mhz 600 mhz
Internal Cabling 2 twisted pair 4 twisted pair tighter wound tighter wound Shielded


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